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domingo, 4 de junio de 2017

GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES. ACTIVITIES ( Thanks to Ángela Ruiz)

Ángela Ruiz

1 Rewrite the sentences using gerunds.
Tim cycled into town. He didn’t stop.
Tim cycled into town without stopping.
1 Rachel lost the race. She was very angry.
Rachel was angry about ____________________________________________________________
2 We didn’t go to the cinema, we watched a video at home.
Instead of ____________________________________________________________
3 Ivan passed his driving test because he practised every weekend.
By ____________________________________________________________
4 Gillian read the newspaper then she phoned her friend.
Before ____________________________________________________________
5 They left the disco and went for a coffee.
After ____________________________________________________________
6 Jake has split up with his girlfriend. He’s upset.
Jake is upset about ____________________________________________________________
2 Choose the correct forms.
1 Tony wants to go / going travelling before he goes to university.
2 He promised to buy / buying her a diamond ring for their anniversary.
3 Have you ever considered studying / to study abroad?
4 He agreed to buy / buying the motorbike for £2,000.
5 John has been a farmer for twenty years. He’s used to getting up / get up early.
6 It’s cold today. You shouldn’t go out without wearing / to wear your coat.

3 Fill in the blanks with a suitable gerund.
1. Be careful! That dog is capable of ____________________ you if you make it angry.
2. Ian finally succeeded in ____________________ the job he wanted.
3. When he lived abroad, we often missed ____________________ our friends and family.
4. The dentist told Joe he must give up ____________________ sweets.
5. The judge found the man guilty of ____________________ more than 20 cars.
6. I am looking forward to ____________________ him tomorrow.
7. They’ve been talking about ____________________ a new house.
8. Mike isn’t used to ____________________ in public.
9. What is the use of ____________________ the police?
10. Anna is not at all frightened of ____________________ to the dentist.
11. He’s thinking of ____________________ his motorbike and ____________________ a car.
12. She doesn’t remember ____________________ anything about the wedding.
13. Has he finished ____________________ yet?
14. Jeff never talks about ____________________ his family.
15. Do you have any objection to ____________________ late for the next few days?
4  Complete the story with gerunds or infinitives. 
Haunted house
When I was a child I used to spend my holidays at my aunt and uncle’s old country house.
One summer I remember 1_________________ (have) a strange experience.
It was a hot afternoon, and my cousins suggested 2_________________ (play) hide-and-seek.
But instead of 3_________________ (go) outside, we decided that we 4_________________ (play)
in the attic. After we 5_________________ (turn off) all the lights, we all hid in different places. I
managed 6_________________ (hide) behind an old sofa.
Then something odd happened. In the darkness we heard footsteps come into the room.
The footsteps seemed 7_________________ (walk) towards the sofa. I wanted
8_________________ (move), but I couldn’t. I expected something terrible 9_________________
(happen). Then suddenly the footsteps stopped and the door slammed shut. After
10_________________ (wait) for a few seconds, we jumped up and ran downstairs without
11_________________ (stop).
We told my aunt and uncle, but they refused 12_________________ (believe) us. Mysteriously
the house burned down a year later. The fire started in the attic.

GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES


Infinitive and Gerund after verbs/expressions

TO + INFINITIVO:
Detrás de los siguientes verbos:
- afford - plan - choose - offer -hope - agree - propose - decide - help -expect
- attempt - arrange - would like - promise -want - tend - prepare - refuse - seem -wish
- intend - manage - fail - look -need - pretend - dare - learn - threaten

I can’t afford to pay that house / I agreed to lend her some money / He attempted to reach it.

Cuando el verbo va seguido de un objeto (verbo+objeto+infinitivo)
- ask -enable -expect -would prefer- force -help -invite -order- persuade -remind -teach(how) -tell
- want -warn -would like
I asked Mary to come to the party /She has forced them to tell the truth / They persuaded me to do it

Detrás de adjetivos y adverbios. Detrás de nombres y pronombres
( It´s interesting to learn languages)

Detrás de it is/ was +adjetivo + of+ sustantivo/pronombre
( It was very kind of you to help the old lady)

Detrás de adjetivo+for+objeto
(It was very difficult for us to find out the truth)

Con pronombres interrogativos ( excepto why)
(I didn´t know what to say)
(Why do it now?)

INFINITIVO (sin to)
- make - let  ( pero infinitivo con to en voz pasiva)- help (a veces con “to”)
Detrás de los verbos modales: can, could, must, should, would, may, might, …
He made her write a long essay / She doesn’t let me go out / Can you help me do the exercises?
They could find the way / You should visit her …
Los verbos de percepción SEE HEAR FEEL SMELL WATCH  pueden ir seguidos de objeto + Infinitivo sin to o de objeto +ing
Infinitive and Gerund after verbs/expressions

USO DEL GERUNDIO
Detrás de los siguientes verbos:
- admit - deny - cease - practise - enjoy- consider - detest - finish - risk - love*
- imagine - dislike - give up - suggest - like*- mind - delay - resist - keep on - hate*
- involve - postpone - look forward to - carry on - avoid - put off - miss - go on
Los verbos con “*” podrían ir seguidos de infinitivo

Normalmente con expresiones como: can´t help, can´t stand, can’t bear
Siempre con expresiones como: it´s (not) worth, it’s no use, to be used to/to get used to
It’s no use talking to her, she won’t listen / They got used to driving on the left.
Detrás de una preposición
i.e. I watched TV after doing the washing up.
Como sujeto de una oración
i.e. Smoking is not healthy
Para expresar prohibiciones cortas
i.e No smoking

VERBOS SEGUIDOS DE INFINITIVO O GERUNDIO con cambio de significado
-remember - regret - mean- forget - stop - try
El significado de estos verbos cambia en función de que les sigan infinitivos o gerundios.

Los verbos de percepción SEE HEAR FEEL SMELL WATCH también pueden ir seguidos de objeto + Infinitivo sin to o de objeto +ing

Infinitive and Gerund after verbs/expressions

1. FORGET + TO + INF= se refiere a acciones futuras
i.e Don´t forget to feed the cat
FORGET + GERUNDIO se refiere al pasado
i.e. Has he forgotten saying that?
2. REGRET TO + INF se refiere al presente o al futuro
i.e We regret to give you such bad news
REGRET + GERUNDIO se refiere al pasado
i.e. She doesn´t regret lying to us
3. REMEMBER + to +INFINITIVO: se refiere a una acción en el futuro o una acción futura
vista desde el pasado
i.e. Before you go to bed, remember to switch off the TV
i.e. Before she went to bed, she remembered to switch off the TV
REMEMBER + GERUNDIO : se refiere al pasado
i.e I remember telling him before
4. STOP + INFINITIVO: “dejar de a hacer algo en movimiento para hacer una cosa distinta
i.e. We stopped the car to buy some magazines
STOP + GERUNDIO : simplemente dejar de hacer una acción
i.e she stopped crying
5. TRY + TO + INFINITIVO: intentar hacer algo con un esfuerzo
i.e Try to push the door with both hands
TRY + GERUNDIO: “experimentar, probar algo
i.e Try studying a little harder to pass your exam
fundacionloyola.org

miércoles, 31 de mayo de 2017

INGLÉS 2 BACHILLERATO CONTENIDOS SEPTIEMBRE


INGLÉS 2 BACHILLERATO CURSO 2016 2017
CONTENIDOS PARA LA RECUPERACIÓN DE LA ASIGNATURA EN SEPTIEMBRE

Para que estudies y prepares el examen de septiembre, te recomendamos que repases
 las unidades didácticas deL libro de texto Distinction 2 y  Workbook .
 A continuación, te ofrecemos un resumen de los contenidos  sobre los que versará 
la prueba de septiembre. El dominio de los contenidos que se especifican propiciará que superes 
la prueba escrita de septiembre, prueba que constará de las secciones de Grammar, Vocabulary, 
Reading Comprehension y Writing.
 Como ayuda adicional, te recomendamos que estudies el compendio gramatical que aparece
 en el libro  en las páginas 112 a 128. Algunos contenidos debes prepararlos en la plataforma moodle
 ( phrasal verbs, preposiciones, conectores). En la plataforma tienes a tu disposición  ejercicios y
 explicaciones  para todos los temas. Te recomendamos realizarlos junto a las actividades de
l cuaderno de ejercicios  para afianzar los contenidos.
 Los contenidos de la moodle se pueden consultar también en el blog de inglés
 donde además encontrarás actividades para practicar cualquier destreza. 
mirablogdeingles@blogspot.com.

GRAMMAR  
Grammar references pages: from 112 to 128 +mirablogdeingles

Review unit:  All verbal tenses: present tenses, past tenses, future forms
Used to, be/ get used to + gerund
Unit 1: Relative clauses
Defining and non defining  clauses. Relatives and prepositions. Omission of the relative
 Unit 2: Modal verbs
Ability and permission
Possibility, certainty and impossibility
Advice, necessity, obligation,
Lack of obligation and prohibition
Don't forget  perfect modals 
Unit 3: Complex clauses: 
Contrast: although, though, even though, despite (the fact that) , in spite of (the fact that) 
 Purpose: to , in order(not) to , so as (not) to + infinitive,so( that) + clause
Reason: as, since, because, because of,  for this reason, due to (the fact that)
Result:
a ) so… that / such … that 
b) not + adjective or adverb +enough and too+ adjective or adverb+ to infinitive 
c) as a result, as a consequence, consequently, for that reason, therefore, thus, so, this means that...
Unit 4: Reported speech
 Statements
 Questions (yes/ no questions and wh questions)
Requests and commands
Suggestions 
Use of say and tell. 
Changes in time and place expressions.
Reporting verbs: verb paterns( that clause, to infinitive, ing form)
Unit 5: Passives
Be careful with the omission of the agent
Passive with two objects.
Passive with reporting verbs (it is said that../ he is said to...)
Have/ get something done,
 Unit 6: Conditionals
Three types. 
Modal verbs in conditionals
Don't forget variants in the if clause and in the main clause. ( mirablogdeingles. blogspot.com)
Conditional linkers: if/ whether/ unless/ even if/in case/ provided that/ on condition that/ as long as ...
I wish/ if only for wishes (+ simple past), regrets ( + past perfect) or complaints ( + would + infinitive)
Unit 7 : Gerunds and infinitives ( with or without "to").
Theory: pages 127, 128 (textbook grammar reference)
Activities:Textbook:  pages 84, 85 and Workbook pages 59,60
Ing form  uses. As a noun, after preposition and after certain verbs
Infinitive uses. After nouns, after adjectives and adverbs, after question words and after certain verbs.
Let, make + bare infinitive.
Verbs of the senses + bare infinitive or gerund  with a  change of meaning.
Forget, remember, regret, stop, try + gerund or to infinitive ( change of meaning)
VOCABULARY 
Vocabulary reference pages:138, 139, 140, 141, 142
Irregular verbs pages 143, 144
Phrasal verbs (Moodle)
Prepositions (Moodle)
Synonyms, opposites, definitions, false friends.
Unit 1: Vocabulary about education 
Unit 1: Word building: prefixes (page 14 )
Unit 1: Adjectives +prepositions (page 14)
Unit 1: False friends (page 15)
Unit 1:  Linkers of addition (page 18)
Unit 2: Vocabulary about relationships.
Unit 2: Word building: negative  prefixes( page 26) 
Unit 2: Extreme adjectives (page 26)
Unit 2: Phrasal verbs related to relationships (page 27)
Unit 3. Vocabulary about adventure, travel  and survival 
Unit 3: Word building: noun suffixes (page 36)
Unit 3: Verb collocations: get, lose, take  (page 36)
Unit 3: Phrasal verbs related to travel( page 39)
Unit 5: Vocabulary related to environment (pages 58, 59 )
Unit 5: Collocations: the environment (page 62 )
Unit 5: Adjective  suffixes ( page 62)
Unit 5: Phrasal verbs: problems and solutions( page 63)
Unit 6: Vocabulary related to food and health:  pages 70, 71
Unit 7: Compound adjectives  (page 86)
Unit 7: Nouns formed from phrasal verbs (page 86 )
Unit 7: Similes and idioms (page 87)

 WRITING ( 120 words)
Try to use a variety of vocabulary.
Organise your ideas in paragraphs using the appropiate linkers
Check always your punctuation and capitalisation is correct.

READING COMPREHENSION
  1. True/ false (words from the text in inverted commas)
  2. Multiple choice exercise.
  3. Find in the text ( synonym, opposite or word for the definition)
TOPICS FOR READING AND WRITING
Education
Relationships ( love, friends, family...)
Travel and adventure,  survival, natural disasters, overcoming difficult situations, overcoming disability.
Environment, waste
Health
Food and diet





miércoles, 17 de mayo de 2017

SELECTIVIDAD 2016 (RECOPILACIÓN)

RECOPILACIÓN SELECTIVIDAD 2016
(No aparecen los enunciados de los ejercicios eliminados según las orientaciones actuales)
FIND THE ANTONYM IN THE TEXT:
Healthy-sick; nearby-.distant;  forbid-allow;  rise-reduction;  rude-polite;  failure-success; harmed-uninjured; top-bottom;

FIND THE SYNONYM IN THE TEXT:
Really=actually;  desire=wish;  destructive=devastating; remember=recall;
magnetic=attractive, appealing; goal=aim; huge=giant; major=important, relevant; irritating=annoying; perhaps=maybe; eventually=finally

FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD/EXPRESSION WITH THE FOLLOWING MEANING:
Face= to have to deal with something
Current= belonging to the present time
Dissolve= to change from a solid to a liquid state
Joy= a feeling of instant happiness
Stranger= a person who is neither a friend nor an acquaintance.
Discourage= to try to make people not want to do something
Gather= to come together into a group.
Oasis= wet portion of land in a desert.

FILL IN THE GAP WITH THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS:
  1. I am tired of ____(hear) you complaining about everything
  2. Don't forget _____(book) the tickets in advance.
  3. I suddenly remembered that I ______( forget) my keys.
  4. You should start______ (take) physical exercise.
  5. I can't stop _____(bite) my nails.
  6. I wish I____(pay) more attention to my friends the last time I met them.
  7. I am looking forward to ______ (take) part in the carnival.
  8. Her eyes are red. I think she _____(cry).
FILL IN THE GAP WITH THE CORRECT OPTION.

  1. Isabel thanked me ____ his help (on, to, for, from)
  2. Peter congratulated me ____my new job (at, on, up, for)
  3. The French pilot arrived_____ Germany.
  4. Phubbers should apologise____ their behaviour.
  5. I had never seen ____ beautiful picture (so; so a; such; such a)
  6. British people are very keen _____keeping their traditions.
  7. David paid ____ the drinks (to, on, for, with)
  8. You need to look ____ the word in the dictionary (for; up; to; after)
  9.  I would rather ____ at home (stay; to stay; to staying; staying)
  10. My uncle suffered from a heart attack due ____ junk food.
REWRITE THE SENTENCE CORRECTLY WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING: (2 mistakes in each sentence)
1. People was waiting for the actress for a little minutes.
2. Teens ought behave correct.
3. They say that he drive to work everydays
JOIN WITH THE APPROPRIATE LINKER:
 I have joined a drama club. I want to become an actress
TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO INDIRECT SPEECH:

  1. The banker told me: “Don ́t give me the money now”
  2. “These people are not listening to their friends now”, said the waiter.
  3. “Where did you hide my glasses?, the mother asked.
  4. “My emotions are so complex that I can't understand myself”, he claimed.
TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES INTO DIRECT SPEECH:
1. He asked her if she could tell him the answer of those questions.
2. He asked me not to leave the pilot unattended.

USE THE WORDS IN THE BOXES TO MAKE A MEANINGFUL SENTENCE:

  1. complaining/ about/ are/ partner/ you/ your/ always
  2. came/advice/ to/ me/ for/ she
  3. most/ upset/ teenagers/ feeling/ are/ to/ used
  4. the/ recently/ importance/ increased/ of/ has/ art/ museums

JOIN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING A RELATIVE CLAUSE
1. John has broken up with his wife. He was my first boss.
2. This is the fast-food restaurant. I met my girlfriend in this restaurant.
3. Dr. King was born in America. He was one of the most famous politicians of the 20th
century.
4. My cousin Martha is British. She has always driven on the left.
5. I can't find the house. Charles Dickens was born there.

COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONAL SENTENCES:

  1. If I had magic power,...
  2. If I hadn't broken up with my first love,...
  3. If I had done more exercise,...
  4. If people had known Hitler's intentions,...
  5. If Spain decides tomorrow that cars should drive on the left,...
  6. If I left my mobile phone at home,...
REWRITE THE SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGIN AS INDICATED.
1. I have been playing chess for 20 years. I started...
2. Even though she eats healthy food, she is overweight. In spite of...
3. That afternoon, the speaker gave a wonderful speech to the London audience. That
afternoon, the London audience...
4. He composed outstanding music. He was deaf. Despite...
5. You should talk to each other face to face. You had......(better talk)
6. Perhaps I will have time to cook something special tomorrow. I (may/ might).....
7. I got wet because I didn ́t take an umbrella. If....
8. The last time I rode a horse was in 1999. I haven ́t...

TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE/ ACTIVE

  1. The company is not hiring him for the job.
  2. They haven ́t decided the exact date for the wedding yet.
  3. The brain produces a lot of chemicals during the eating process.
  4. A change was introduced all over Europe by Napoleon.
  5. Waiters ask customers to stop phoning while they are ordering.
  6. Hamburgers must be kept in the fridge.
  7. People should wear life jackets during swimming lessons.
  8. Workers must wear a safety helmet at all times.
  9. We are taught how to control our emotions by psychologists.

COMPOSITIONS

Do you prefer watching films, videos, series or reading books?. Explain why.
What do you think about first love experiences?
Eating at home or eating out.
Are you an optimistic or pessimistic person? Explain.
Do you think that being a teenager is easy? Explain.
People should use public transport instead of private vehicles. Do you agree?
Explain.
What do you think about phubbing?
Describe a festival or street party you have taken part in.
Write about something unusual that happened to you or to a friend.
What are the most popular hobbies in modern society?
3

martes, 9 de mayo de 2017

CONTENIDOS EXAMEN 2 BACHILLERATO MAY 17




GRAMMAR


Unit 1: Relative clauses

Defining and non defining clauses

Relatives and prepositions

Omission of the relative

Unit 2: Modal verbs

Ability and permission

Possibility, certainty and impossibility

Advice, necessity, obligation,

Lack of obligation and prohibition

Don't forget perfect modals 

Unit 3: Complex clauses:

Contrast: although, though, even though,, despite (the fact that) , in spite of (the fact that)

nevertheless, however

Purpose: to , in order(not) to , so as (not) to + infinitive ,so( that) + clause

Reason: as, since, because,,because of ( + noun), for this reason, due to (the fact that)

Result:

a ) so… that / such … that

b) not + adjective or adverb +enough/  too+ adjective or adverb+ to infinitive

c)too much, so much, so little /  too many,so many, so few.
d) as a result, as a consequence,  consequently, for that reason, therefore, thus, so, this means that...


Unit 4: Reported speech

Statements
Questions (yes/ no questions and wh questions)
Requests and commands
Suggestions


Use of say and tell.
Changes in time and place expressions.
Reporting verbs: verb paterns( that clause, to infinitive, ing form)


Unit 5: Passives

Be careful with the omission of the agent
Passive with two objects.
Pssive with reporting verbs (it is said that../ he is said to...)
Have/ get something done


Unit 6: Conditionals

Three types.
Modal verbs in conditionals
Don't forget variants in the if clause and in the main clause. ( mirablogdeingles. blogspot.com)
Conditional linkers: if/ whether/ unless/ even if/in case/ provided that/ on condition that/ as long as ...


I wish/ if only

For wishes (+ simple past or past continous)
For regrets ( + past perfect)
For complaints ( + would + infinitive)


Unit 7 : Gerunds and infinitives (with or without "to").

Theory: pages 127, 128 (textbook grammar reference)
Activities:Textbook:  pages 84, 85 and Workbook pages  59,60

Ing form uses.

As a noun ( as a subject or object), after prepositions and after certain verbs

Infinitive uses.

After nouns and pronouns, after adjectives and adverbs, after question words ( except why) and after certain verbs.
Let, make, help + bare infinitive

Verbs with a change of meaning

Verbs of the senses  (see, watch, hear, ...)+ bare infinitive or gerund.
Forget, remember, regret, stop, try +  to infinitive or gerund.

QUESTIONS
Write a question for the underlined informations



VOCABULARY

Unit 6: Vocabulary related to food and health:  pages 70, 71
Unit 7: Compound adjectives  (page 86)
Unit 7: Nouns formed from phrasal verbs (page 86 )
Unit 7: Idioms and expressions from page 87


WRITING ( Around 120 words)

Try to use a variety of vocabulary.
Organise your ideas in paragraphs using the appropiate linkers
Check always your punctuation and capitalisation is correct.

READING COMPREHENSION
  1. True/ false (words from the text in inverted commas)
  2. Multiple choice exercise.
  3. Synonyms, opposites, definitions (Find in the text)